Seems simple enough, right? But, which words are capitalized and which are not, and how do you know the difference?
So, here in this post, we'll answer the what, why and when to capitalize.
Here are seven rules on Capitalization.
1. The first word of every sentence.
The horse ran through the field.
2. The first word of every direct quotation.
She said, "I've wondered about that."
"They don't think about how water is found," he said, "and I can tell it doesn't make a difference." (The and is not capitalized because it does not begin a new sentence.)
3. The first, last, and every important word in a title. Don't capitalize prepositions, short connecting words, the to in front of a verb, or a, an, the.
What a Horse Owner Needs to Know
"The Night the Earth Stood Still"
4. Names of people, places, languages, races, and nationalities
5. Names of months, days of the week, and special days, but not the seasons
Fourth of July
6. A title of relationship. If it takes the place of the person's name, but not otherwise. If my (or a similar word) is in front of the word, a capital letter is not used.
I know Father will want to go. but I think my mother will come.
I'm sorry, Grandmother. but Our grandmother is 60.
He visited Uncle Henry. but She visited her aunt.
She phone Mother yesterday. but He phoned his dad.
7. Names of particular people or things, but not general ones.
I spoke to Professor Lawrence. but I spoke to the professor.
We sailed on the Mississippi River. but We sailed on the river.
Are you from the Northeast? but We turned east.
I take Art 101 and Spanish 102. but I take art and Spanish.
I went to Bayview High School. but I was in high school ten years ago.
He goes to Phoenix University. but He is going to the university now.
Have you figured out Capitalization? If you have further questions, please put them in the comments below.
I hope you've enjoyed this "The Least You Should Know" series. This is the last session. Next week we'll open up a discussion about what you'd like to learn more about with writing and how I can meet those needs.